|Posted on June 8, 2018 at 10:00 AM|
Moving Youth Forward
Firearm death among both males and females and across most age categories. Males account for more than 85% of all firearm deaths, regardless of firearm intent category.
Firearm-related assault deaths outnumber suicide deaths in all age groups from ages 5 to 34.
firearm-related suicide deaths outnumber assault deaths. Firearm-related assault death rates peak in the ages 10 to 34 groups for both males and females. However, firearm-related suicide deaths are highest for females age 45 to 54 and for males age 85 and older. Many youths are interested in guns because they have not been educated on how to handle a gun or about the use of guns. Which can cause injuries. In 2018, guns violence has increase within the youth society from the pass years which information below will give you and vivid ideal what our youth are up against.
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Violence carriages a serious risk to America’s children, youth and young adults. Current data will clearly point to the need for improving strategies for keeping guns out of the hands of children, youth and youth adults and for those who would harm them. Gun violence in schools was rare in the 70’s. 80,s today gun violent crimes are high and are committed by people with mental illness. However, many of today’s youth murdered are killed with some type of firearm and half of youth suicide deaths involve the use of a gun. Please help make an effort to end youth gun violence and help us focus on accessibility and prevention. The federal safety and health agencies must be empowered to conduct comprehensive research into the causes of gun solutions to this unacceptable source of harm to our children, youth, young adults, families, and communities. Please take a look at what the (CDC) has to say about firearms/gun violence etc.
“Firearm Deaths in the United States (CDC, 2012) In 2010, there were 2,711 infant, child, and teen firearm deaths. On average there were seven such fatalities daily and 52 weekly. Between 1981 and 2010, 112,375 infants, children, and teens were killed by firearms. This is 25,000 more deaths than the number of soldiers killed in Korea, Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan, combined (Children’s Defense Fund, 2013a). Of the 1,982 youth (age 10-19) murdered in 2010, 84% were killed by a firearm. Of the 1,659 teens (age 15-19) who committed suicide in 2010, 40% were by firearm. Of the 1,323 males (age 15-19) who committed suicide in 2010, 45% were by firearm. Of the 336 females (age 15-19) who committed suicide in 2010, 20% were by firearm. In 2010, across all age groups (and including adults), there were 31,672 individuals killed by firearms (with 61% of these deaths being suicide and 35% homicide).
Homicide and Suicide at School Less than 1% of student homicides and suicides take place at school, on the way to or from school, or at a school sponsored event (Robers, Zhang, & Truman, 2012). During the 2009/2010 school year the odds of a student (age 5-18) being the victim of a school-associated homicide was one in 2.5 million. In comparison, the odds of a 5 to 19-year-old being killed in a motor vehicle accident in 2010 were 1 in 16,000. (CDC, 2012). Most school-associated student homicides involve a firearm and a single victim and offender (Modzeleski et al., 2008). In 80% of school-associated firearm-related homicides and suicides, the weapons used were obtained from the home or from a friend or relative (Reza et al., 2003).
Guns and Other Weapons at Home and in School (CDC, 2012; Eaton et al., 2011; Okoro et al., 2005) In 2011, 5% of high school students carried a gun on school property, and 7% were threatened or injured by a weapon (e.g., gun, knife, or club) on school property. Of the 50 states and the District of Columbia, Wyoming has the highest percentage of homes with guns (63%), the highest suicide rate (23 per 100,000), and the highest percentage of students carrying a gun to school (11%). Conversely, Massachusetts ranks 48th (out of 51) in terms of percentage of homes with firearms (13%), has one the lowest suicide rates (9 per 100,000), and the lowest reported percentage of students who acknowledged bringing a gun to school (2.5%). Among selected larger urban school districts Washington, DC, had the highest percentage of students carrying a gun to school (7.5%), and New York City had the lowest (2.3%). Overall, the prevalence of having carried a weapon on school property decreased during 1991–1999 (26%– 17%) and did not change significantly during 1999–2011.
Factors Related to School Shootings Studies of school shootings in the 1990s suggested that: a) shooters often had multiple, non-automatic guns; b) killers shot deliberately at individual victims and took their time doing so; c) theft was the dominant method by which shooters obtained weapons; d) all shootings were planned in advance; e) most youth had told peers before committing the acts; f) most reported having a history of feeling bullied or threatened; g) shooters often had a history of mental health problems; and h) many had made suicidal gestures before the incidents (Fein et al., 2002; Kleck, 2009; Redding & Shelf, 2001). According to the U.S. Secret Service, there is no profile for a school shooter. However, since shootings tend to be planned and oftentimes youth tell others of the plan, a threat assessment approach is recommended (Fein et al., 2002).
Youth Suicide and Firearms the Youth Suicide by Firearms Task Force (1998), a group that included representatives from the American Medical Association; American Firearms Association; National Shooting Sports Foundation; National Center for Injury Control and Prevention Centers for Disease Control; and Children’s Defense Fund reported the following: Firearms are the most common method of suicide by youth. This is true for males and females, younger and older adolescents, and for all races. The increase in the rate of youth suicide (and the number of deaths by suicide) over the past four decades is largely related to the use of firearms as a method. The most common location for the occurrence of firearm suicides by youth is the home. There is a positive association between the accessibility and availability of firearms in the home and the risk for youth suicide. The risk conferred by guns in the home is proportional to the number and accessibility (e.g., loaded and unsecured) of guns in the home. Guns in the home, particularly loaded guns, are associated with increased risk for suicide by youth, both with and without identifiable mental health problems or suicidal risk. If a gun is used to attempt suicide, a fatal outcome will result 78-90% of the time. Public policy initiatives that restrict access to guns (especially handguns) are associated with a reduction of firearm suicide and suicide overall, especially among youth.
Availability and Storage of Firearms in the United States and Association with Violence A significant percentage of adults who have minor children living in their homes report that their firearms are not safely stored (Figure 1; Johnson, Miller, Vriniotis, Azrael, & Hemenway, 2006). Keeping firearms locked and unloaded and storing ammunition in a separate locked location are feasible and protective strategies to reduce injuries (Grossman et al., 2005; Reza et al., 2003). Parents should discuss safe storage and handling of firearms with their children (Reza et al., 2003). However, children’s reports often contradict parental reports about their children’s access to firearms, with children reporting knowing the location of firearms and handling firearms when parents said they did not. This is true whether or not parents lock firearms and discuss firearm safety with their children (Baxley & Miller, 2006; Grossman et al., 2005). The number of suicide, homicide, and unintentional firearm deaths among youth (ages 5-14) is higher in states and regions where guns are more prevalent (Miller, Azrael, & Hemenway, 2002b). States with a higher percentage of homes with firearms (as estimated by Okoro et al., 2005), tend to have higher rates of suicide by firearm (CDC, 2012; r = .78). In the U.S., youth are disproportionally represented as victims and perpetrators of firearm homicide. Victimization is especially high among males, and African-American and Hispanic youth (Child Trends Data Bank, 2012; Dahlberg, 1998; Hepburn & Hemenway, 2004). One-quarter of adolescents in the U.S. reported having easy access to a gun in the home (Swahn, Hamming, & Ikeda, 2002). Increases in the overall homicide rate appear to be primarily attributable to an increase in firearm homicide by youth (Hepburn & Hemenway, 2004). There is a strong, significant relationship between gun availability and homicide; of all developed nations, the U.S. has the highest rate of civilian gun ownership, highest homicide rates, and weakest gun control laws (Hemenway & Miller, 2000; Hepburn & Hemenway, 2004). Cross-sectional studies have shown that areas with higher rates of possession of household firearms have disproportionately higher numbers of death by homicide (Miller, Azrael, & Hemenway, 2002a; Miller, Hemenway, & Azrael, 2007). The risks associated with a gun in the home (e.g., increased gun accidents, homicide, intimidation, completed suicide) are greater than their benefits, with no credible evidence showing that having a gun in the home assists in self-defense and reduced injury (Hemenway, 2011). Each time a home firearm is used in self-defense there are n average, eleven completed and attempted firearm suicides, seven assaults and homicides with a firearm, and four accidental firearm deaths or injuries.”
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